An overdose happens when an individual consumes a poisonous quantity of a substance (or a number of poisonous quantities of gear), and the consequences of this overload disrupt the traditional functioning of their mind and physique.
It’s not all the time simple to inform the distinction between the milder adverse results of a drug and the indicators and signs of a doubtlessly deadly overdose, because the indicators and signs of an overdose might be fairly numerous.
There are lots of potential causes of overdose, and alcohol is only one of them
- Heroin, fentanyl, and prescription painkillers are all examples of opiates.
- Stimulants, which embrace all kinds of medicine like meth, cocaine, and plenty of others.
Overdose Signs and Indicators
The signs of an overdose can fluctuate extensively and are sometimes particular to the substance or substances that brought about the overdose. Within the case of some substances, resembling opioids, the indicators and signs of an overdose could also be distinguishable from, or in any other case mirror, a harmful development of the drug’s short-term results. In such a case, the individual could have taken an excessive amount of of the substance in query, and should present particular warning indicators that will point out an overdose quite than simply being excessive or intoxicated, resembling turning into unresponsive to stimulation or having considerably slowed or stopped respiratory.
Overdose: What to Do If Somebody Is Unresponsive
Should you or somebody you already know is experiencing an overdose, there are a variety of issues you are able to do to assist, together with the next:
Name 911 instantly. Inform the operator that somebody is experiencing an overdose, and provides particulars concerning the substance(s) they might have taken if you already know them. They may inform you what to do if the individual is unresponsive and/or not respiratory.
Should you suspect somebody has overdone on opioids, administering Narcan (also referred to as naloxone) may help deliver them again from the brink of dying. There can be no impact if the individual doesn’t have already got opioids of their system. If the individual suspected of experiencing an overdose doesn’t reply to the primary dose of naloxone inside two to 3 minutes, a second dose should be given.
Whereas ready for assist to reach, keep near the sufferer
In contrast to naloxone, the medical determination to make use of flumazenil would require extra cautious consideration because of the dangers related to utilizing the remedy, however it will probably reverse the consequences of a benzodiazepine overdose.
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